10 things you should know about cardiovascular diseases
According to Heart UK, coronary heart disease (CHD)is the biggest cause of death in the UK. With the rise of CHD there has been double the amount of percutaneous coronary interventions every year putting a tremendous strain on the UK health sector. In light of this, here are some facts about cardiovascular diseases that you may not know.
- On average 160,000 people die from heart and circulatory diseases each year.
- Every seven minutes, someone in the UK has a heart attack.
- Every 12 minutes, someone in the UK has a stroke.
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 17.9 million people died in 2016 due to cardiovascular diseases, accounting for 31% of all global deaths.
- More than 1 billion adults around the world have raised blood pressure and only 1 in5 has it under control. In England and Scotland this rate is even higher, with around 1 in 3 adults having high BP and nearly half of them not receiving any treatment.
- In Europe, coronary heart disease is the single most common cause of death for under 65s, accounting for 16% male and 10% female deaths.
- Cardiovascular disease is estimated to cost the UK economy £19 billion per year –46% directly due to healthcare costs, 34% due to productivity losses and 20% to informal care.
- According to WHO, the eight key risk factors (alcohol, tobacco, high BP, high BMI, high cholesterol, high glucose and low fruit and vegetable intake as well as low levels of physical activity) account for as much as 61% of all cardiovascular deaths and over three quarters of all coronary heart diseases.
- In England, 42% of men and 32% of women were classified as overweight in 2010.10.Over half of all adults in England have raised cholesterol (>5mmol/l).